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So far Tom Nicholson has created 121 blog entries.

Watermelon

Juicy Trivia
Watermelons are generally believed to have originated in the Kalahari Desert in Africa then onto Asia and Europe, reaching America during the 1600’s. According to the Guinness Book of Records, the worlds heaviest
watermelon, grown by Lloyd Bright in Arkansas weighed 267.8lbs Watermelons were placed in the burial tombs of Egyptian kings to nourish them in the afterlife.The watermelon is related to cucumbers, pumpkins and squash and has a 92% water content with high levels of nutrients such as phytonutrients, lycopene, and citrulline an amino acid that converts to arginine

Jason Says…
Melon is a delicious juice all on its own. It’s high water content makes it an incredibly thirst quenching drink, hydrating the body instantly. When juicing watermelon, juice the skin as well, as this it is rich in chlorophyll, which is great for the blood. Watermelon has an amazing taste that is a winner on a hot summers day served with ice.

Juice or Smoothie?
Juice and smoothie: Both the skin and flesh can both be juiced, just cut down the middle and scoop the seeds out. However, always remove the skin if blending.

Juicy Benefits
Cools the body, cleanses the kidneys and purifies the skin, promoting shiny hair and strong nails.

Watermelon has a high levels of lycopene, citrulline and arginine and may help lower the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, bone health and may also help in preventing prostate cancer.

The lycopene also makes watermelon an anti-inflammatory fruit so works as an antioxidant to neutralise free radicals.

The water content found in watermelon is full of electrolytes that can help keep you hydrated and can help muscle soreness following intense exercise. Whilst the amino acids citrulline and arginine can help improve circulation.

Research
A study led by Arturo […]

Sweet Potato

Juicy Trivia
Native to Mexico, the sweet potato is often referred to as a yam although this is not correct as the yam comes from South East Asia and Africa and contains very little carotene whilst the sweet potato is rich in carotene.

According to Dr Percy Nylander, a professor at the university of Ibadan in Nigeria, yams are high in follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). Whilst studying the Yorubas tribe, who eat a huge amount of yams, he found they have the highest rate of double birth (twins) in the world, the mothers of twins showed very high levels of FSH.

Jason Says…
The skin of white potatoes contains substances known as glycoalkaloids. The average person is immune to this substance, but it is widely suspected that it does no favours for those with skin conditions, such as eczema, psoriasis and acne. Sweet potatoes are a great alternative to regular potatoes as they are considered to be part of the ‘Morning Glory’ family of plants and not nightshades.

Juice or Smoothie?
Juice: Sweet potatoes produce a wonderful creamy texture. They are also delicious baked or dehydrated for a healthy snack.

Juicy Benefits
Can help preserve memory, control diabetes and reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer, promote blood sugar balance and antioxidant and anti-inflammatory protection.

Research
A study led by Dr. Jon Allen, CALS professor of ‘Food Science’, confirmed the recognised low GI of sweet potato. The team also discovered that the sweet potato they studied had essentially the same protein patterns as a commercial dietary supplement known as Caiapo, (derived from the peel of white-skinned sweet potatoes) developed by Japanese scientists and used in Japan as a remedy for anemia, hypertension and diabetes.

A study led by Cho J, ‘College of Pharmacy, Chungnam […]

Sulfur / S

What Is It?
The name ‘sulfur’ is derived from the Latin word ‘sulphurium’. Sulfur is the 10th most abundant mineral and is found in all the body tissues. It is part of the antioxidant glutathione and also an important part of coenzyme A, the enzyme central to energy metabolism, sulfur is also part of biotin and vitamin B1 (thiamine). Sulfur helps maintain oxygen balance necessary for proper brain function as well as working with B vitamins for body metabolism.

Sulfur is part of the structure of two amino acids methionine and cysteine, which are found in hair, skin, nails and joints.

Why Do We Need It?
We need sulfur for antioxidant activity and energy production, keeping normal thyroid function as well as helping the body to utilise iron. In the liver, sulfur stimulates bile production and secretion. Promotes glossy hair, healthy skin and nails, and is needed for formation of the protein collagen and helps prevent arthritis.

Sulphur disinfects the blood, helps the body to resist bacteria, slows the ageing process, detoxifies the body, cleans the arteries, and protects the protoplasm of cells. Its also protects against toxic substances and the harmful effects of radiation.

Deficiency Symptoms
Most people get all the sulfur they require from their food so deficiency, although rare, can include: abdominal pain, acne, arthritis, brittle nails, dry hair, diarrhoea, eczema,fatigue, gastro-intestinal problems, headaches, heart rhythm disorders, hemorrhoids, joint pain, muscle pain, rough skin, slow wound healing and vomiting.

Where Can We Find It?
Alfalfa, asparagus, avocado, banana, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chives, cashews, coconut, crimini mushrooms, garlic, ginger, green beans, kale, kiwi fruit, leeks, lentils, onions, peas, pineapple, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, spinach, squash, sunflower seeds, sweet potatoes, swiss chard, tomatoes, turnips, walnuts, watercress and watermelon.

Be-Aware
Consuming excessively large amounts […]

Squash

Juicy Trivia
Squash, alongside corn and beans has been eaten as part of the early native Indian diets for over 10,000 years. Squash was considered so important it was often buried alongside the dead to feed them as they made their final journey.

There are many types of squash but the deep yellow and orange are thought to be more nutritious.

Ethiopians are known to chew the seeds of squash and pumpkin as laxatives, seeds are also used in some parts of the world to expel worms including tapeworms.

Jason Says…
I would opt to eat a squash, using it as an ingredient for a delicious homemade soup or roasted with other vegetables to create a healthy salad.

Juice or Smoothie?
Juice: Squash creates a creamy texture similar to sweet potato.

Juicy Benefits
Can help prevent lung problems, asthma, heart disease, and high blood pressure. Eating squash can help reduce the risk of endometrial cancer, managing diabetes by promoting blood sugar regulation as well as boosting immune function. Its high content of vitamin A and C means it is great for the hair and skin.

Research
According to the American Institute for Cancer Research, eating orange coloured vegetables, including squash and fruits daily may help fend off cancer and heart disease while protecting your vision, immune system and skin.

The carotene contained within the squash is an antioxidant that prevents cell damage from oxidation that occurs with aging and long-time exposure to environmental pollutants.

Vitamins, Minerals and Extras
Vitamin A, B2, B3, B6, B folate, B pantothenic acid, C, E, K, calcium, choline, iron, magnesium, manganese, copper, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, zinc alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin

References
The Doctors Book of Food Remedies – Selene Yeager
The Food Pharmacy – Jean Carper
The World’s Healthiest Foods – George […]

Peas

Juicy Trivia
An Austrian monk named Gregor Johann Mendel discovered the genetics of science, when bred 2 different varieties of peas and discovered their offspring had the features of both parents so concluded that physical characteristics could pass down, not only in plants but in humans too.

Folklore tells us that peas contain an anti-fertility agent and studies have proven it to be true that the humble pea is high in contraceptive agents. Hard to believe but this little fact may prove to be useful for men and women who are having difficulties with fertility.

Peas are part of the legume family although generally thought of as a vegetable.

Jason Says…
You might be surprised to find that green peas are one of the most nutritious leguminous vegetables, that are rich in health benefiting phyto-nutrients, minerals, vitamins and anti-oxidants and so make a great addition to a green juice…. Give peas a chance!!

Juice or Smoothie?
Juice: If using a centrifugal juicer, treat peas as you would leafy vegetables and pack them between harder produce to get the most from your peas.

Juicy Benefits
Peas contain chlorophyll, which has the ability to attack cancer-causing chemicals and prevent them from being absorbed. Peas help your heart and can help lower cholesterol.

Green peas are a reliable source of omega-3 fat in the form of alpha-linolenic acid, or ALA, so can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular problems. We also know that high levels of homocysteine raise our risk of cardiovascular disease, so the ample amounts of B vitamins contained in peas help keep our homocysteine levels in check.

Green peas are loaded with antioxidants and anti-inflammatory nutrients – we need strong antioxidant and anti-inflammatory protection for healthy functioning of our blood vessels. The formation of plaque along […]

Passion Fruit

Juicy Trivia
History tells us that during the 16th century catholic missionaries in Brazil named the native fruit. They found the passion flower’s individual features to be symbolic of the crucifixion of Christ, or as known in biblical history: ‘The Passion of the Christ’. The spikes from the centre of the flower are said to denote the crown of thorns. The 10 petals, for the 10 faithful apostles, three stigmata symbolize the three nails, the five anthers represent the five wounds and the tendril represent whips.

Although believed to be native to Brazil, it is now grown widely in the tropics, In Hawaii it is called: ‘lilikoi’, Equador: ‘maracuya’ and Venezuela: ‘parcha’

We tend to use just the fruit but interestingly we waste a lot of the nutrients by not using the flowers and leaves.

Jason Says…
Passion fruit contains high amount of Vitamin A and Vitamin C, both of which are strong anti-oxidants that neutralize free radicals and offer protection from cancer

Juice or Smoothie?
Smoothie: You don’t get a lot of juice from this fruit so it would be one to put in the blender and benefit from the whole fruit, or of course just cut it in half and eat it like an egg – delicious!

Juicy Benefits
In Madeira passion fruit juice is given as a digestive stimulant as well as being used as a treatment for gastric cancer.

The leaves of the passion fruit contain alkaloids including Harman, which has blood pressure lowering, sedative and antispasmodic action. The passion fruit leaves are used in many countries as medicines.

The flower of passion fruit has a mild sedative and can help to induce sleep. The passion flower has been used in the treatment of nervous and easily excited children, […]

Onion

Juicy Trivia
Onions are members of the lily family, cultivated for 6000 years and have long been reported to cure or prevent every ailment known to man. Louise Pasteur declared the onion as antibacterial in the mid 1800’s

Ever wondered why cutting onions make you cry when you chop them? An enzyme called Lachrymatory-factor synthase, is released into the air once the surface of onion is cut into and causes the teary reaction.

During the American civil war in 1864 General Ulysses S. Grant wired a directive to the war department to save his troops who were suffering from dysentery “I will not move my army without onions!” Three trainloads arrived the following day!

Jason Says…
Onions contain the mineral chromium, which assists in regulating blood sugar and so are perfect to add to a salad. They also have the added benefit of packing a punch in the taste department!

Juice or Smoothie?
Rather than juice, raw onion is best enjoyed in salads.

Juicy Benefits
Onion can help to lower blood pressure and decrease the risk of cancer. They can show significant blood sugar lowering action so helpful when treating diabetes. Onions have also been used to treat asthma, relieve congestion, protect against gastric ulcers and reduce inflammation.

Onions are good for heart health by helping to prevent plaque build up, thinning blood, improving bone density and excellent support for bone and connective tissue. Onion can help reduce the risk of Parkinson disease.

High in vitamin C, onions are a good source of dietary fibre and folic acid. Onions also contain the flavonoid ‘quercetin’ which is a compound that can help delay or slow the oxidative damage to cells and tissue of the body.

Research
A cohort study led by Dorant E for ‘The […]

Kale

Juicy Trivia
Kale was brought to Europe from Asia Minor by Celtic warriors 600BC. The Greeks and Romans were also known to grow it. It belongs to the cruciferous family, which is known to have health benefits. It is the sulphur contained within the plant that gives the kale leaves its health promoting properties.

The name Kale is a Scottish word that was derived from the terms ‘coles’ or ‘caulis’ used by the Greeks and Romans. It has been said that Julius Caesar ate collards such as Kale after attending royal banquets for its detoxifying properties.

Cutting Kale into thin slices breaks down cell walls enhancing the activation of an enzyme called myrosinase, that slowly converts some of the plants nutrient to their active form. Having said that, it is not a good idea to cut the kale or any other fruit or vegetable a long time before juicing, eating or storing in a bag or fridge as this method can lose between 10 to 25% of the vitamin C content.

Jason Says…
Kale is known to promote optimal health and its sulphur containing phytonutrients may protect the body against cancer. It can promote vision health, help build bones, provide energy, build muscle and also help with diabetes and insomnia.

Juice or Smoothie?
Juice: if you are using a centrifugal juicer ensure you ‘sandwich’ the leaves between harder produce such as apples, to get the most out of your kale.

Juicy Benefits
The sulphur compounds help the liver to produce enzymes that neutralize potentially toxic substances.

Kale has twice as much beta-carotene than spinach so is another protection aid for cancer

Because of the high content of vitamin A in Kale it can help prevent dry eyes, night blindness, and miscarriage. Kale is also one […]

Cabbage

Juicy Trivia
Cabbage is a member of the cruciferous family known for it’s anti-cancer properties. It’s believed that it was brought to Europe around 600bc by groups of Celtic wanderers.

Cato the Censor was a great advocate of cabbage and claimed: “It will purge wounds full of pus and cancers and make them well when no other treatment can accomplish it”

In ancient Rome a 16th century historian quoted “The old Romans, having expelled physicians out of their commonwealth, did for many years maintain their health by the use of cabbages, taking them for every disease.

Babe Ruth used to wear a cabbage leaf under his hat during games, which he would change for a fresh leaf halfway through each game.
Jason Says…
Cabbage Juice works wonders for digestive problems. Cabbage Juice contains sulforaphane, which kills off the bacterial causing stomach ulcers. You can add cabbage to your juices or why not try a cabbage shot, as featured in Super Juice Me! The Big Juice Experiment. Simply juice one apple and half a small cabbage (red cabbage works really well) and down the hatch!
Juice or Smoothie?
Juice: the darker, outer leaves contain more nutrients than the inner leaves.
Juicy Benefits
It is an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. The phytochemicals, sulforaphane,indoles, isothiocyanates, coumarins and phenols contained within cabbage is what makes it such a powerful anticancer food. Cabbage can help prevent breast, prostate and colon cancer, lower the risk of cataracts, prevent heart disease and birth defects. It also supports digestive health and promotes heart health.
Research
It is said that ancient Roman healers would cure breast cancers by making a paste from cabbage and rubbing it on the breast, although dismissed as folklore, studies have shown it can prevent tumours from developing by rubbing cabbage paste into […]

Courgette / Zucchini

Juicy Trivia
Courgette or ‘zucchini’ as it is better known as in North America, Australia and Germany is the most well known variety of summer squash. It is believed to have originated in Mexico about seven thousand years ago and still very much part of their diet today. It was brought to the Mediterranean by Christopher Columbus during one of his many trips.

Bernard Lavery of Plymouth Devon, UK grew the world’s largest courgette on record. The humongous veggie was 69.5 inches long and weighed 65lbs!

You can use raw courgette as a wonderful pasta alternative, courgette ‘spaghetti’ so easy to make with a mandolin or spiraliser.

Jason Says…
Courgettes contain no saturated fats or cholesterol, they are low in sodium, rich in manganese and vitamin C and have more potassium than a banana, not bad for a humble squash!

Juice or Smoothie?
Juice. Courgette is great for adding volume to juices due to its high water content.

Juicy Benefits
Courgettes are an excellent source of manganese, which helps facilitate protein and carbohydrate metabolism and activates enzymes that are responsible for the utilisation of biotin, thiamin and choline.

It is an excellent source of vitamin C so important for the immune system. In its role as an antioxidant vitamin C helps protect the body tissue from damage of oxidation and protects the cell walls against the effects of free radicals. The skin is good source of dietary fibre that helps reduce constipation and thought to offer some protection against colon cancers.

Courgettes contain moderate amounts of B9 folate, which are important in cell division
and DNA synthesis. It can be beneficial during early pregnancy as folate can help prevent
neural tube defects in the fetus.

Juicy Studies
According to the Science of Eating, […]